T. Rex were a British rock band formed by vocalist and guitarist Marc Bolan in 1970. Previously, Bolan and Mickey Finn (who played congas) had performed as the acoustic duo 'Tyrannosaurus Rex', yet the name was shortened for the release of the UK hit single 'Ride a White Swan'.
Between 1970 and 1977, the group released eight albums, three of which entered the top five in the UK charts, and enjoyed a string of hit singles between the years 1970 and 1974. By 1975, however, Bolan's ambitious plan to expand T. Rex and produce more challenging music led to them falling out of favour in the British charts and led to a spell of singles and albums that were not publically well-recieved regardless of the critical acclaim given to them by contemporary music journalists.
By 1977, however, the band was beggining to accumulate a new following amongst British teens, who looked up to Marc Bolan as one of the founding members of the British punk scene. T. Rex's resurgence was cut short in September '77 by the tragic death of Marc Bolan in a road traffic accident in which the Mini in which he was a passenger skidded off of the road and hit a tree.